Tax Year 2018 Ohio Income Tax Brackets
|Tax Bracket||Tax Rate|
|Tax Bracket||Tax Rate|
Both Ohio's tax brackets and the associated tax rates were last changed one year ago in 2017. Ohio's tax brackets are indexed for inflation, and are updated yearly to reflect changes in cost of living.
Ohio has seven marginal tax brackets, ranging from 1.98% (the lowest Ohio tax bracket) to 5% (the highest Ohio tax bracket). Each marginal rate only applies to earnings within the applicable marginal tax bracket .
In Ohio, different tax brackets are applicable to different filing types. Married couples filing their Ohio income tax return jointly will usually have wider tax brackets than those filing separately or as an individual.
How do Ohio tax brackets work?
Technically, you don't have just one "tax bracket" - you pay all of the Ohio marginal tax rates from the lowest tax bracket to the tax bracket in which you earned your last dollar. For comparison purposes, however, your Ohio tax bracket is the tax bracket in which your last earned dollar in any given tax period falls.
You can think of the bracketed income tax as a flat amount for all of the money you earned up to your highest tax bracket, plus a marginal percentage of any amount you earned over that. The chart below breaks down the Ohio tax brackets using this model:
|For earnings between $10,850.00 and $16,300.00, you'll pay 1.98%|
|For earnings between $16,300.00 and $21,750.00, you'll pay 2.48% plus $107.91|
|For earnings between $21,750.00 and $43,450.00, you'll pay 2.97% plus $243.07|
|For earnings between $43,450.00 and $86,900.00, you'll pay 3.46% plus $887.56|
|For earnings between $86,900.00 and $108,700.00, you'll pay 3.96% plus $2,390.93|
|For earnings between $108,700.00 and $217,400.00, you'll pay 4.6% plus $3,254.21|
|For earnings over $217,400.00, you'll pay 5% plus $8,254.41|
|For earnings between $10,650.00 and $16,000.00, you'll pay 1.98%|
|For earnings between $16,000.00 and $21,350.00, you'll pay 2.75% plus $105.93|
|For earnings between $21,350.00 and $42,650.00, you'll pay 2.97% plus $253.06|
|For earnings between $42,650.00 and $85,300.00, you'll pay 3.46% plus $885.67|
|For earnings between $85,300.00 and $106,650.00, you'll pay 3.96% plus $2,361.36|
|For earnings between $106,650.00 and $213,350.00, you'll pay 4.6% plus $3,206.82|
|For earnings over $213,350.00, you'll pay 5% plus $8,115.02|
Ohio Income Tax Calculator
Ohio Income Tax Estimator
You can use the income tax estimator to the left to calculate your approximate Ohio and Federal income tax based on the most recent tax brackets.
Keep in mind that this estimator assumes all income is from wages, assumes the standard deduction, and does not account for tax credits.
For a more detailed estimate that takes these factors into account, click "View Detailed Estimate" (this will will redirect to an external website).
Ohio Tax Deductions
When calculating your Ohio income tax, keep in mind that the Ohio state income tax brackets are only applied to your adjusted gross income (AGI) after you have made any qualifying deductions.
Qualifying deductions might include an itemized deduction, the Ohio standard deduction, exemptions for dependants, business expenses, etc.
Remember that Ohio may have very different deduction laws from the Federal Income Tax, so you may have to write a whole new list of deductions for your Ohio income tax return.
Download .CSV file of OH income tax bracketsCompatible with Excel or database software
Download or print Ohio income tax formsOH income tax forms are available as PDFs
Ohio Standard Deductions & Personal Exemption Amounts
In addition to marginal tax brackets, one of the major features of the Ohio income tax is deductions. The three most common deductions encountered by taxpayers are the Ohio Standard Deduction, the Ohio Personal Exemption, and the Ohio Dependent Deduction. The current values of these deductions for tax year 2018 are as follows:
|Standard Deduction (Single)||Standard Deduction (MFJ)||Personal Exemption||Dependant Exemption|
The standard deduction, which Ohio does not have, is a deduction that is available by default to all taxpayers who do not instead choose to file an itemized deduction.
The Personal Exemption, which is supported by the Ohio income tax, is an additional deduction you can take if you (and not someone else) are primarily responsible for your own living expenses. Likewise, you can take an additional dependent exemption for each qualifying dependent (like a child or family member), who you financially support.
The Federal income tax also has a standard deduction, personal exemptions, and dependant deductions, though they are different amounts than Ohio's and may have different rules.
Head over to the Federal income tax brackets page to learn about the Federal Income Tax, which applies in all states nationwide.
Sources & Citations
Disclaimer: While we do our best to keep this list of Ohio income tax rates up to date and complete, we cannot be held liable for errors or omissions. Is info on this page missing or out-of-date? Please let us know so we can fix it!
The Ohio tax brackets on this page have been updated for tax year 2018, and are the latest brackets available. States often adjust their tax brackets on a yearly basis, so make sure to check back later for Ohio's updated tax year 2019 tax brackets!